DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin) and DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) are recognitions that are attributed to quality wines produced in a specific geographical area with grapes coming exclusively from that area in compliance with a specific disciplinary production.
IGT (Typical Geographical Indication) means that the wine has qualities, notoriety or other specific characteristics attributable to a geographical area. The grapes must come from at least 85% of this area. The production disciplinary of IGT wines is less restrictive than DOC and DOCG wines. According to the new classification of wines, IGT wines are classified within the category of IGP wines (Protected Geographical Indication).
Table wine is a wine without dop / igp specifications that does not have a specific link with the territory. With the new legislation table wines are now classified as generic / community wines or varietal wines if the use of specific vines is claimed.
Only for DOP wines (DOC and DOCG), which are not fizzy, sparkling or liqueur wines.
Yes, for all types of wine on the label must be reported the presence of sulfites / sulphites / sulfur dioxide.
By alcoholic strength, we mean the measurement of the ethanol content in an alcoholic beverage and represents the number of parts by volume of pure alcohol at a temperature of 20 ° C contained in one hundred parts volume of the product considered at the same temperature.
Yes, the indication of the actual alcoholic strength is necessary.
Yes, it is mandatory. All wines, dop and igp and all the others must indicate on the label the name of the Member State where the wine has been produced.
The reserve specification is attributed to DOC and DOCG wines that have undergone an aging period not lower than:
- two years for red wines
- one year for white wines
-one year for sparkling wines with method of fermentation in autoclave martinotti / charmat method
-3 years for sparkling wines obtained with natural refermentation in the bottle, such as Franciacorta DOCG wine
Meditation wines are wines that have not been moved to drink, preferably at the end of the meal alone and to be sipped slowly.
The superior specification is given to DOP wines (DOCG and DOC), with higher quality characteristics deriving from a more restrictive production regulation for vines and wines.